Many Americans associate summer with "hay fever," a popular term for allergy symptoms caused by pollen and other air-borne outdoor allergens. But if you think allergy season ends with the onset of cooler weather, you might be in for an unpleasant surprise. Allergy symptoms can last well into fall, often until the first frost occurs. And according to COIT Cleaning and Restoration company, it is important for people who suffer with fall allergies to minimize the presence of allergens in their homes.
"Plant pollens can persist well into fall, and ragweed pollen is no exception," said Bob Kearn, president and CEO of COIT. Ragweed is one of the most prevalent plant-related allergens present in our environment. "These pollens enter homes on clothing, footwear, and even pets, and can especially be a problem once we start closing windows, trapping allergens indoors and preventing the circulation of fresh air through the home."
According to The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, approximately 75 percent of people who are allergic to spring pollen-producing plants are also allergic to ragweed. Ragweed typically begins pollinating in August, but the process can continue well into fall, which is why it is a problem for fall allergy sufferers. Ragweed pollen can travel hundreds of miles and cause problems even in regions where the plant's growth is less prevalent.
Mold, which thrives in damp areas both indoors and outdoors, can take hold in basements, bathrooms, and near leaky pipes. In the fall, piles of damp, raked leaves can become breeding grounds for mold, and mold spores, like ragweed, can become airborne.
Once ragweed, mold spores, and other allergens (such as dust mites) enter the home, they can be ground into carpets and furniture and can circulate through the indoor environment when the furnace is turned on in colder weather.
COIT recommends a number of steps to minimize the presence of fall allergens in the homes of allergy sufferers. Regular laundering of clothing (including outdoor wear) is critical. Bathe pets regularly, and ask family members and guests to remove footwear before entering the home. You can put a small sign near the door with a boot tray beneath it and provide clean slippers for use in the house. Wash bedding and towels at least weekly in hot water, and dispose of old pillows that might harbor dust mites.
Carpeting, upholstery, draperies and blinds are notorious for collecting dust and allergens. The beginning of fall is a good time to schedule professional cleanings to eliminate allergens that have collected in the house over the summer. Families with allergic individuals should consider scheduling additional cleanings at the end of fall. If you suspect mold in kitchen or bathroom tiling or grout, a professional Tile and Grout cleaning might also be in order.
Despite the prevalence of fall allergens, there are many ways to minimize their presence in the indoor environment and to help make family members who suffer from allergies more comfortable.